Breaking Down the Banh Mi (Vietnamese Sandwich)

As a traveller in Vietnam, Banh Mi is one of the safer street foods you can enjoy (take a look at our previous blog post for more tips on food safety).  Most of the fillings are cooked, cured or pickled and there is no water involved.  Banh Mi, which is the name for both the bread and the sandwich, is also the quintessential fusion Vietnamese dish – the ingredients have roots in old Vietnam, French colonial Vietnam, and New World cuisine.  Banh Mi is the perfect street food when you are visiting Vietnam. We encourage you to try this sandwich concoction in Vietnam, at least once. 🙂

banh mi,sandwich, vietnamese

The infamous banh mi sandwich

That being said, many people find the Banh Mi a little daunting because the fillings and condiments are often things that foreigners can’t find in the food truck back home.  Vietnam is definitely a land of exotic foods and Banh Mi fillings are no different, but we want to explain all of the intricacies of the sandwich so that you know exactly what you’re ordering!

It’s All About the Bread

Banh mi Bread

Banh mi Bread

Although they call it a baguette, it’s not your traditional French baguette.  The Vietnamese baguette is a combination of French baking and Asian baking.  The bread is baked using the classic technique, making the baguette crispy on the outside and soft on the inside.  To throw in a bit of Asian flair, the Banh Mi bread is made with half wheat and half rice flour to give it that light and airy feel.  The bread is really the vessel that brings all the flavours of this sandwich together so make sure you notice and appreciate the bread when you bite into your Banh Mi!

What’s In It?

all the fillings in Banh Mi

A guide to recognizing all the fillings in Banh Mi

The main ingredient list at the Banh Mi cart:

  • Cha or Cha Lua (Pork Roll) – Ground pork is rolled and packed into a banana leaf and then steamed or boiled.  The roll is then sliced before adding to the sandwich.  This is probably one of the most common Banh Mi fillings.
  • Thit Nguoi (Cured Cold Cuts) – The literal translation is ‘cold meat’ and that’s exactly what it is.  This is a composition of cured pork and fat and cut into class cold cut-type slices.
  • Gio Thu (Headcheese) – You may have noticed that pork is an extremely popular meat choice but this particular product might be very unfamiliar to you.  Headcheese is a processed product made from tendons, pig ears, skin and other pork head products.
  • Thit Nuong (Grilled Meat, usually Pork) – More pork!  Marinated pork is grilled and sliced thin.
  • Xa Xiu (BBQ Pork) – Small pieces of barbecued pork having a distinct coal smoke flavour.  The particular cut of pork varies.
  • Bi (Shredded Pork Skin) – This filling can be a bit dry because it’s thinly sliced pork skin.  This filling is usually combined with another product.
  • Xiu Mai (Meatballs) – Once again, pork. 🙂 These are spiced, ground pork meatballs and have a distinct tomato flavour.
  • Nem Nuong (Pork Patties) – These are also ground pork, but shaped into a patty with infused garlic flavours.
  • Ga Nuong (Grilled Chicken) – For those who are not a fan of pork, don’t worry – there are other options!  This is marinated and grilled chicken, usually chicken thigh.
  • Ca Moi (Packed Sardines) – You may notice little red coloured cans at your nearest Banh Mi stand.  These are packed sardines in a tomato sauce.  They make for a great sandwich filling but they are definitely just out of the can.
  • Pate – Pate is extremely popular as a Banh Mi filling and is often combined with other fillings.  It can be made from pork, duck or chicken liver.
  • Trung Chien or Op La (Fried Eggs) – You will see eggs at a Banh Mi stand quite often.  Banh Mi Op La is an extremely popular breakfast snack in Vietnam.

The Filler

A sandwich isn’t a sandwich without the little something extra that makes all the flavours pop!  Here is a list of classic Banh Mi condiments –

  • Pate – Yes, pate is also used as a condiment to moisten the sandwich.
  • ‘Mayo’ – We put mayo in quotation marks because this isn’t Hellmann’s Mayo out of a jar (although sometimes it is, which is unfortunate).  Traditionally, the mayo used in Banh Mi is actually cut with butter to add that melty feel and nutty flavour.
  • Fresh Herbs – Most often, it is sprigs of cilantro but other herbs are common as well.
  • Pickled Vegetables – Finely shredded or julienned daikon and/or carrots are pickled in a vinegar concoction and add the perfect amount of sour punch to brighten the flavours of the sandwich.
  • Chillies – The slices of chillies may be thin but they are quite spicy here!
  • Cucumber – Self-explanatory. 🙂
  • Soy Sauce – a little dash of it, although some drier fillings like pork skin require a bit more.  Don’t be afraid to ask for more if you think it needs it!

Bon Appetit!

We hope you enjoyed this tip on Vietnamese food!  To learn more about how you can enjoy Vietnamese delicacies with XO Tours, check out our Foodie Tour!

How to use a mobile phone in Vietnam in 5 easy steps!

Use a mobile phone in Vietnam

Use a mobile phone in Vietnam

Cell phones are an essential part of international inter-connected travel nowadays.  Whether it be for calling home, calling hotels, planning travel logistics, map surfing, navigating, or Facebook-ing, your cell phone is the one-stop resource for it all and mobile phone will be really helpful during your Vietnam trip .  Of course, every country has their own system, we have put together a simple 5-step process in understanding the ins and outs of how to use a mobile phone in Vietnam.

5 steps to use a mobile phone in Vietnam

5 steps to use a mobile phone in Vietnam

Check out 5 steps to use a mobile phone in Vietnam:

  1. Think about your phone
  2. Find a sim card
  3. Set up 3G/4G
  4. Understand the Usage Rules
  5. Understand the Phone Numbers


You have three options: bring a locked phone with you, bring an unlocked phone with you, or buy a relatively cheap phone here.  If you bring a locked phone, make sure you understand the terms for international roaming (this can expensive depends on your service provider; for example, T-mobile charges several dollars a minute and does not offer mobile data here).  With an unlocked phone or a phone that you buy here, you can simply purchase a SIM card and have a local number.  Keep in mind that the unlocked phone that you bring must be a GSM phone, but most phones are these days.  Smartphones are beneficial here because you can have access to the 3G network via 3G sim card.

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SIM card stalls at the airport

There are stalls, stores, booths, carts and even bicycles that will sell SIM cards the minute that you land in Vietnam (we are not exaggerating… there are establishments in and around the airport!).  If you can wait a bit, ask the staff at your hotel or hostel to point you towards the nearest telecommunications store.  The associates at the store will provide a SIM card for you, cut the card according to your phone and install it for you.  For the best coverage, ensure that the SIM card you get is either on the Viettel, Mobifone or Vinafone networks.  These three companies control 90% of the mobile market in Vietnam and offer great coverage throughout the country.  Before you walk out of the store, make sure you check that the phone works. Don’t forget to bring Vietnamese money to pay your SIM card.

Alternatively, check out this service –  They will send you a SIM Card in the mail before your trip so that you can pass on your temporary number to family and friends before embarking on your journey.  For Vietnam, the SIM Card they provide to you is on the Viettel network.

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3.  SET UP 3G/4G

Sim 4G Viettel

Fortunately, the three top mobile companies also provide decent 3G/4G service in Vietnam.  Having 3G can be extremely beneficial to navigate around, especially since Google Maps works very well in the cities.  More importantly, you can be in constant touch with the outside world via the internet, Facebook, Twitter, or social outlet of your choice!  And if you find yourself in a bind, you can access our XO Tours blog for travel advice on the go!  The set up is a little bit tricky but not difficult.  The basic procedure is the same for all companies but the details might differ.  In general, you will have to send a text message along the lines of “3G ON” to a special network number (eg. *888) and then configure your phone’s settings, but many mobile stores will do it for you.  If not, they will give you the detailed procedure so you can do it on your own.

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There are very few differences between the companies as to how much for local calls, international calls and text messages cost, and they are quite low.  To give you an idea, on Mobifone, a phone call to a cell phone on another network is 1800VND/min and an international text message is 2500VND/text.  The exact details can be found on their respective websites.

The initial SIM Card that you purchase will come with pre-paid minutes in a denomination that you choose.  It will also come with an expiration so choose wisely.  For instance, the 100,000 VND card may expire in 7 days and the 200,000 VND card may expire in 30 days.  If you plan on being in Vietnam for around 1 month, it might be beneficial to choose the option that spans the entire time you will be here.  Topping up your minutes is also quite easy.  In order to top up, you can purchase a minutes card that looks like a ‘scratch-n-win’ card in any denomination that you want.  When you scratch the card, it will reveal a 12 digit activation card.  Then, simply enter *100*code# and ‘Send’.  You will get a message instantly saying that your minutes have been topped up.  Dial *101# to check your balance as you go.

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Once you have your phone ready to go, you will need to know how to dial phone numbers here as it may be different than what you are used to.  Here are the basics –

Country Code: + 84

Trunk Prefix: 0

International Prefix: 00

Land Line format:  Area Code (1 to 3 digits) + Phone Number (5 to 8 digits)

Cell Phone format: 09y xxx-xxxx or 01yy xxx-xxxx

FROM: Land Line  TO: Local Land Line

Area Code + Phone Number

FROM: Land Line  TO: Cell Phone

09y xxx-xxxx or 01yy xxx-xxxx

FROM: Cell Phone  TO: Land Line

0 + Area Code + Phone Number

FROM: Cell Phone  TO: Cell Phone

09y xxx-xxxx or 01yy xxx-xxxx

FROM: Anything  TO: International Phone Number

00 + Country Code + (Area Code + Phone Number) or (Cell Phone format)

Please have a look at the list below for Vietnam Area Code:

No.ProvinceArea code
1Ha Noi24
2Ho Chi Minh28
3Thua Thien-Hue234
4Da Nang236
5Dong Nai251
6Ba Ria - Vung Tau254
7Lam Dong- Da Lat263
8Hai Phong225
9Can Tho292
10Son La212
11Lai Chau213
12Lao Cai214
13Dien Bien215
14Yen Bai216
15Quang Binh232
16Quang Tri233
17Quang Nam235
18Thanh Hoa237
19Nghe An238
20Ha Tinh239
21Quang Ninh203
22Bac Giang204
23Lang Son205
24Cao Bang206
25Tuyen Quang207
26Thai Nguyen208
27Bac Can209
28Hai Duong220
29Hung Yen221
30Bac Ninh222
31Ha Nam226
32Thai Binh227
33Nam Dinh228
34Ninh Binh 229
35Ca Mau290
36Bac Lieu291
37Hau Giang293
38Tra Vinh294
39An Giang296
40Kien Giang297
41Soc Trang299
42Binh Thuan252
43Quang Ngai255
44Binh Dinh256
45Phu Yen257
46Khanh Hoa258
47Ninh Thuan259
48Kon Tum260
49Dak Nong261
50Dak Lak262
51Gia Lai269
52Vinh Long270
53Binh Phuoc271
54Long An272
55Tien Giang273
56Binh Duong274
57Ben Tre275
58Tay Ninh276
59Dong Thap277
60Vinh Phuc211
61Phu Tho21
62Hoa Binh18
63Ha Giang 19

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We hope you found this Vietnam travel tip useful!  To find more useful information about XO Tours and Vietnam, take a look at our FAQ section!

The Best places for Great Photos in Saigon!

The best places for great photos in Saigon

The best places for great photos in Saigon

Ho Chi Minh City is a unique city in that it is rapidly growing but has yet to develop into a massive skyscraper filled concrete jungle.  While it is transforming into a cosmopolitan world city, it still retains some of its old world charm.  The city is rich with nooks and crannies, alleyways and narrow motorbike-filled roads, and areas unexplored by the majority of tourists, making it a very different type of place to explore.  These features of Ho Chi Minh City make it a veritable playground for photography enthusiasts because you can take pictures here that will be distinctly unique.  The irony is that this also makes it difficult to find the perfect spots to capture those exotic moments.  We have compiled a simple guide to finding the best vantage points in Ho Chi Minh City to inspire your urban photography.


(by photo type)




  • Saigon River
  • Binh Quoi

Even though the city has little to offer in terms of mountains and oceans, the topography is unique enough to create a beautiful silhouette.  The Saigon River offers an interesting perspective for photographers because there are many spots along the river where one can look back and see the skyline or simply appreciate the sunrise and sunset.

Vantage Point:  For a great shot of the complete skyline, go to either the Kinh Te or Thu Thiem bridge.  Sunset is usually around 6 pm in the evening so try and catch the sun setting on the city!  Note that the Bitexco Tower is the tallest building in the city and although it has a viewing deck on one of it’s upper floors, the skyline seems underwhelming from this perspective.

The Saigon Sunset

The Saigon Sunset

If you are more a fan of greener landscapes, you will have to venture a bit outside of the city but fortunately not too far away.  One of the most popular places for wedding photographs around the city is a theme park of sorts, called Binh Quoi 1.  The Binh Quoi Village is lush and green, and it has waterways with traditional boats and boatsmen.  If you go at the right time, you may even see couples taking wedding shots.

Vantage point:  Find the pond with lilies and a water wheel or look for a spot along the water with huts and parked rowboats for a more authentic look in a fabricated paradise.

Lily pads at Binh Quoi Village

Lily pads at Binh Quoi Village

The scenery at Binh Quoi Village

The scenery at Binh Quoi Village













  • Notre Dame Cathedral
  • City Hall 
  • Post Office
  • Thien Hau Pagoda

Ho Chi Minh City has some very interesting buildings.  Sure, they are not the sky reaching structures that you see elsewhere, but they are marvelous nonetheless.  The city has its fair share of old buildings that have been maintained pristinely since the French Colonial Era in Vietnam.  They hold such history and meaning, you can feel the aura of years gone by.

Vantage point:  The Notre Dame Cathedral is one of the most beautiful colonial-era buildings.  Walk to the side of the building to the massive doors – they make for a cool backdrop for portrait shots!  If it happens to rain one evening, go to the City Hall in Saigon.  The way the blue lights shine off the wet pavement and reflects onto the building makes it looks mystical!  And if you go to the historical Post Office, look up!  The ceiling is an architectural masterpiece.

The stunning view of the City Hall at night

The stunning view of the City Hall at night

The majestic ceiling of the main Post Office.

The majestic ceiling of the main Post Office.

The city is filled with juxtapositions, especially the old with the new.  But there isn’t just one kind of old.  Next to the colonial buildings are the ages-old pagodas and temples.  They offer a history of their own.  Many of them have been there since before the war, and some of them even damaged and then subsequently restored.

Vantage point: Jade Emperor Pagoda is one of the most impressive pagodas, architecturally.  But the Thien Hau Pagoda has a ceiling full of cone-shaped incense burners that make for a very interesting photograph.  The many pagodas around the city also look the most magical under a haze of incense smoke – find out at what time of the day most people visit the pagoda to maximize the amount of smoke in the air!

Cone-shaped incense burners on the ceiling of the Pagoda.

Cone-shaped incense burners on the ceiling of the Pagoda.

Incense burning outside the Jade Emperor Pagoda

Incense burning outside the Jade Emperor Pagoda














  • Cho Lon
  • Alleyways (Hems)

The one thing that this city most definitely does not lack is the ever-moving, awe-inspiring, and at times hair-raising activity.  The people, the food and the culture are so vibrant that it is a privilege to be able to capture it on camera.  The most well-known feature of Ho Chi Minh City is the traffic.  The streets are jam-packed with motorbikes – in fact, the cities in Vietnam have the highest number of motorbikes per capita in the world!

Vantage point:  Early in the morning, take a trip out to District 5 near Cho Lon.  This is where you see the motorbikes carrying the craziest things, like washing machines or giant panes of glass!  In the evening, go up to the Chill Skybar rooftop restaurant and look down onto the circle intersection below in front of Ben Thanh market.  A time-lapse photo of the motorbikes zipping around the circle will capture the chaos on the roads at night!

The Colorful Saigon at Night

Colorful Saigon at Night

You cannot come to Vietnam and be absolutely enamored by the people.  Vietnamese people work hard but still take time to relax and enjoy themselves.  One of the most charming sights is seeing a Vietnamese woman dressed in an Ao Dai and sauntering down the street or and elderly person finding some shade under a conical hat.  In the evenings, locals come out in full force to spend time with friends at the local watering holes or the coffee shops (yes, coffee joints were cool here long before they became popular in the rest of the world)!

Vantage point: As you’re walking around the city, take a look inside the alleyways.  They are more than just a narrow passing.  You’ll see food stalls, parked bikes, people lounging, and more!  If you’re taking a picture of a person though, ask their permission first.  Most people don’t mind but be sure to show them the photo afterwards to put a smile on their face. 🙂

An alley riddled with flags of Vietnam.

An alley riddled with flags of Vietnam.

Quiet alley with beautiful doors on either side.

Quiet alley with beautiful doors on either side.















We hope you enjoyed these photo tips from XO Tours, offering the most unique city and food tours in Saigon!

A Comprehensive Guide to Vietnam Visas

*** Disclaimer: We believe all the information in this article was correct at the time it was published, however, regulations in Vietnam change often so we urge travelers to not rely solely on the information in this blog post when planning their trip to Vietnam. We cannot be held responsible for any lost monies or travel time due to incorrect information. ***

So, you’re thinking about Vietnam as your next holiday destination?

How to Obtain a Vietnam Visa

Great choice!  It is a wonderful country, full of equally wonderful people!  Whether you’re interested in food, culture, adventure or just relaxing by the beach, Vietnam has something for everyone!

Before you rush online to book your plane or bus ticket, however, you should make sure you do your research to ensure you get the most out of your adventure. One of the first things that you will need to find out is if you need to obtain a Vietnam Visa. Most travelers to Vietnam will need to get a visa before being allowed into the country; there are some exceptions.

Vietnam Visa Exemptions

If you hold a passport from one of these 6 countries, and your stay is 30 days or less, then you do not require a visa to enter Vietnam:

  • Thailand
  • Cambodia
  • Malaysia
  • Singapore
  • Indonesia
  • Laos

*** All foreign travelers flying direct to Phu Quoc Island are also given a 30 day Visa Exemption. If you plan on traveling to the mainland however, and you are not holding a visa exempt passport, then you will need to obtain an embassy issued Visa or VOA ***

If you hold a passport from the Philippines, and your stay is 21 days or less, then you do not require a visa to enter Vietnam:

  • Philippines

If you hold a passport from one of these 13 countries, and your stay is 15 days or less, then you do not require a visa to enter Vietnam:

  • Japan
  • South Korea
  • Denmark
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Finland
  • Russia
  • Belarus*
  • Germany*
  • France*
  • United Kingdom*
  • Spain*
  • Italy*

Countries marked with an asterisk “*” are exempted to June 30th, 2018. An announcement has yet to be made on whether this will be extended.

If you hold a passport from one of these 2 countries, and your stay is 14 days or less, then you do not require a visa to enter Vietnam:

  • Brunei
  • Myanmar

*** For the latest information regarding Visa Exempt Countries, click HERE ****

To be entitled to visit Vietnam on the visa exemption, there are a couple of things you need to be aware of:

  1. The day you arrive is counted as your first day. Whether you arrive at 12.10am or 11.45pm, that is still counted as day one. The day you leave is also counted as one of your days. So, in effect, if you have a 15 day Vietnam Visa exemption you are allowed to stay in Vietnam for up to 14 nights. If you have a 30 day Vietnam Visa exemption you allowed to stay for up to 29 nights, etc.
  2. You will more than likely be required to show proof of onward travel, or proof of exit. Example – an airline, or bus, ticket out of Vietnam dated within the period of your visa exemption.

Also, be aware that there are restrictions on when you can re-enter Vietnam using a visa exemption. If you want to re-enter Vietnam again within 30 days of your last visa exempt entry, you will need to apply for a new visa in order to be allowed back in. That is, you must stay out of Vietnam for at least 31 days before you can enter using a visa exemption again. ** This rule does not apply to citizens of Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Brunei and Myanmar **

There is nothing stopping you from returning to Vietnam within 31 days, but you will need to arrange a Vietnam visa to re-enter. This is quite common as many people enter Vietnam, stay for a few days, and then do a side trip to to another country, before returning to Vietnam.

In a situation like this, one of the entries can be under the visa exemption, and the other using an embassy issued visa or VOA (Visa on Arrival). It doesn’t really matter which is used for which entry, so long as the exemption is used for a stay of 15 days or less. If you decide to get a VOA (visa on arrival) instead of an embassy issued visa, please be aware that a VOA is only valid for air travel. A VOA cannot be used at a land border crossing.


If you come from a country where the visa exemption doesn’t apply to you, or you’re planning on staying longer than the period you are visa exempt; you have a couple of visa options:  Embassy issued visa, or VOA.

Embassy Issued Vietnam Visas

You’ve chosen Embassy issued?

Ok, you’ll need to contact the Vietnam Embassy or Consulate in your home country to find out exactly what they require, as well as the cost.

Here is a link to a list of Vietnam Embassies around the world:

Fees obviously vary from country to country, and, if you don’t live near the Embassy, you may have to post your passport in to receive the visa stamp. This will add to the overall cost of your visa however, and you will risk putting your passport in the hands of your postal service. Some Embassies may offer you the option of a loose leaf visa, which would negate the need to post your passport.

Once you have your passport back with a Vietnam visa, you are good to go.  There will be nothing more to pay on arrival in Vietnam, and when you do arrive, proceed directly to Immigration / Passport control.


Embassy issued Visa Sticker

Embassy issued Vietnam Visa Sticker

Vietnam Visa on Arrival (VOA)

Not interested in using the Embassy, and like the sound of using VOA? And you’re entering by air at one of these airports?

  • HCMC – Tan Son Nhat International Airport
  • Hanoi – Noi Bai International Airport
  • Danang – Danang International Airport
  • Nha Trang – Cam Ranh International Airport


You’ll save some money, and you won’t have to trust your postal service with your passport.

The downside?

You will have to spend a little extra time at the airport organizing your Vietnam visa when you arrive.

How much time?

Well, that depends on how many other people arrive at the same time, who also require a VOA. The wait could be anything from 10 minutes to 2 hours, with it generally being much closer to the shorter time frame, than the longer. You can pay extra for expedited service, but it’s often not required.

So, what do you need to do to arrange a VOA?

First, you need to get an official approval letter from one of the many VOA agents out there. The fee for this service varies from provider to provider but starts at around $15-25 USD. You can find info for reputable VOA providers on our site in the menu.

Your VOA agent should email you your approval letter a few days after you pay their service fee. Please keep in mind that the VOA approval letter is not an actual visa, but a letter that is handed in at the VOA counter, to enable you to receive a visa stamp once you arrive at the airport in Vietnam.

Do not be concerned if there are other names on the letter as it’s quite common for agents to make visa applications in bulk. If this does concern you, then most agents can arrange a private letter for you. There is normally an extra fee for this, however.


approval letter form immigration Vietnam

Copy of an approval letter


Once you have received the approval letter, print it out in its entirety. The VOA agent will also send you an “Entry and exit” form, and this also needs to be printed out. This form needs to be filled in, and it’s a good idea to do this prior to travelling, so as to save time when you arrive.

Entry and Exit form

Entry and Exit form


You will also need to supply a passport sized photo, as well as the visa stamping fee in US dollars.

When you arrive, head straight to the VOA or Landing Visa window. Do not line up at Immigration / Passport control.


VOA / Landing Visa window

VOA / Landing Visa window


Once you are at the window, hand over your passport, the approval letter, the completed “Entry and exit” form and one passport photo. Then take a seat and wait for your name to be called.

When your name is called, return to the counter and collect your now stamped passport. The stamp looks much the same as the Embassy issued visa.

The visa fee is now paid, which is $25 USD for one and three month single entry visas, and $50 USD for one and three month multiple entry visas. Be sure to check the visa dates in your passport while still at the counter.

When all this is done, you can proceed to the Immigration desk, followed by collecting your luggage on the way out.

Vietnam E-Visa

A relatively new option is the E-Visa. Please don’t get it confused with the VOA, (visa on arrival) because while it’s similar in that you apply online, it is a very different system.

First off, there is only one official E-Visa site:

Vietnam official E-Visa Page


If you find any other site purporting to issue e-visas, or any site with the word ‘e-visa’ in their domain name, be aware that they will be acting as a third party. And by acting as a third party, they will charge you a fee for the privilege.

So, what is an e-visa?

An e-visa is a one-month single entry visa, only. So if you need a multiple entry visa, or are staying in Vietnam for more than 30 days, then you will need to use either the VOA system, or obtain your visa through the Embassy.

Who can use E-VISA?

Here is a list of the countries that it’s available to:

1. ARG Argentina
2. ARM Armenia
3. AUS Australia
4. AZE Azerbaijan
5. BLR Belarus
6. BRN Bruney
7. BGR Bulgaria
8. CAN Canada
9. CHL Chile
10. CHN China (Not apply to Chinese e-passport holders)
11. COL Colombia
12. CUB Cuba
13. CZE Czech Republic
14. DNK Denmark
15. FIN Finland
16. FRA France
17. D Germany
18. GRC Greece
19. HUN Hungary
20. IND India
21. IRL Ireland
22. ITA Italy
23. JPN Japan
24. KAZ Kazakhstan
25. KOR Korea (South)
26. LUX Luxembourg
27. MNG Mongolia
28. MMR Myanmar
29. NLD Netherland
30. NZL New Zealand
31. NOR Norway
32. PAN Panama
33. PER Peru
34. PHL Philippines
35. POL Poland
36. ROU Romania
37. RUS Russia
38. SVK Slovakia
39. ESP Spain
40. SWE Sweden
41. TLS Timor Leste
42. ARE United Arab Emirates
43. GBR United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
44. USA United States of America
45. URY Uruguay
46. VEN Venezuela

A major advantage of the e-visa is that, unlike a VOA (which you can only use it when entering by air), you can also use an e-visa at land border crossings and certain seaports. A list of the Vietnam border crossing ports:

Cửa khẩu đường không (International airport)

1. SBQT Cát Bi Cat Bi Int Airport (Hai Phong)
2. SBQT Cam Ranh Cam Ranh Int Airport (Khanh Hoa)
3. SBQT Cần Thơ Can Tho International Airport
4. SBQT Đà Nẵng Da Nang International Airport
5. SBQT Nội Bài Noi Bai Int Airport (Ha Noi)
6. Sân bay Phú Bài Phu Bai Int Airport
7. SBQT Phú Quốc Phu Quoc International Airport
8. SBQT Tân Sơn Nhất Tan Son Nhat Int Airport (Ho Chi Minh City)

Cửa khẩu đường bộ (Landport)

9.   Cửa khẩu Bờ Y Bo Y Landport
10. Cửa khẩu Cha Lo Cha Lo Landport
11. Cầu Treo Cau Treo Landport
12. Hữu Nghị Huu Nghi Landport
13. Hà Tiên Ha Tien Landport
14. Lao Bảo Lao Bao Landport
15. Lào Cai Lao Cai Landport
16. Mộc Bài Moc Bai Landport
17. Móng Cái Mong Cai Landport
18. Cửa khẩu Nậm Cắn Nam Can Landport
19. Sông Tiền Song Tien Landport
20. CK Tịnh Biên Tinh Bien Landport
21. CK Xa Mat Xa Mat Landport

Cửa khẩu đường biển (Seaport)

22. Cửa khẩu Cảng Đà Nẵng Da Nang Seaport
23. Cảng Hòn Gai Hon Gai Seaport
24. Cảng Hải Phòng Hai Phong Seaport
25. Cảng Nha Trang Nha Trang Seaport
26. Cảng Quy Nhơn Quy Nhon Seaport
27. Cảng TP.Hồ Chí Minh Ho Chi Minh City Seaport
28. Cảng Vũng Tàu Vung Tau Seaport

What is the cost of an e-visa?

The fee, which is paid at the time of application, is $25 USD. There is also a small handling fee of around $1 USD. This makes it the cheapest way to obtain a visa for Vietnam.

We hoped you found this Vietnam Visa guide useful! If Ho Chi Minh City is one of your stops in Vietnam, you might consider checking out one of our 4 acclaimed city tours. XO Tours has been the #1 ranked tour company in Vietnam for over 7 years running, as voted by the users of Tripadvisor. Our XO “Foodie” tour is the original Vietnam street food tour and was recently named one of the top 9 food tours in the world by Forbes magazine.

What NOT to bring to Vietnam

what not to bring to Vietnam

what not to bring to Vietnam

We recently posted about the items you should bring with you when visiting Vietnam.  We thought it would be fitting to also tell you about the items you should not bring with you!  Here is a short list to guide you when packing for the trip and to remind you of the import rules in Vietnam.


1. The Obvious – We hope that the point we are making here is assumed, but to reiterate – please do not bring illegal drugs (yes, this includes cannabis) and weapons to Vietnam.  If you are caught with illegal drugs or weapons, the repercussions are not pretty!

2. Anti-Government Propaganda – Although we highly recommend learning about Vietnam’s history and culture before coming here, we do not recommend bringing some of these reading materials to Vietnam.  If they contain any material that one would consider to be against the current government, they will be confiscated and you will be heavily reprimanded.  What’s more, if you bring any printed maps, make sure that the map labels the giant body of water next to Vietnam as ‘Eastern Sea’, not ‘South China Sea’! 🙂

Eastern Sea Map

The body of water directly east of Vietnam is referred to as the Eastern Sea rather than South China Sea. Any maps that label it as South China Sea are prohibited.

3. Heavy or Excess Items – As we mentioned in our previous blog post, internal flights seem cheap at first but they really make their money on excess baggage fees.  If you can do without heavy items such as hair dryers or even heavy-shelled bags, you may save yourself a lot of money!  Also avoid bringing an excess of common hygiene products like toothpaste, soap, shampoo, etc.  If you happen to run out during your trip, you can find all these items here, and most brand names are available.

4. Expensive Items – Thieves in Vietnam can be masters of their art.  If you flaunt that real gold necklace or diamond pendant while roaming the motorbike-saturated streets, it may get snatched before you even realize what has happened!  It really is best to leave your expensive jewelry back home to avoid theft.  Although rings are more difficult to steal, you still have to use caution.  Women do wear their wedding rings routinely here without a problem but you will have to be very aware of your surroundings.

With hoards of motorcycles around the city, if someone was to snatch your necklace and speed away, you wouldn't even know who to chase down!

With hoards of motorcycles around the city, if someone was to snatch your necklace and speed away, you wouldn’t even know who to chase down!

We do not recommend that you bring expensive electronic items, but if you must bring them, be extremely careful.  For the photography enthusiasts, professional cameras can be very useful here as Vietnam offers an amazing backdrop for your photos.  However, we advise you to have straps for your camera that are really thick and to keep it strapped across your body or wrist.  PacSafe makes bags for cameras that is reinforced with steel wire so it cannot be cut.  As for phones, many people have had their phone stolen right from under them as they write a text message or look at maps.  Have someone cover if you if you need to use your phone on the streets and stand facing inwards rather than towards the street.  Otherwise, keep it in a pocket with zippers.

PacSafe makes camera bags that are very theft-proof. The straps and the body of the bag contain a thick wire mesh that prevents anyone from cutting the bag open.

PacSafe makes camera bags that are very theft-proof. The straps and the body of the bag contain a thick wire mesh that prevents anyone from cutting the bag open.

5. Pornography – The sale or possession of any pornographic material is strictly prohibited and illegal in Vietnam, not just for tourists but for everyone.  Enforcement is very strict!  If you happen to have unlabeled DVDs in your bag, they will be checked at the airport.  Please note that pornography is illegal in most of Southeast Asia but more easily obtainable in some of the neighbouring countries.  If you are traveling around Asia, you will have to get rid of any pornographic material in your possession before entering Vietnam.

This is another great travel tip brought to you by XO Tours, the complete Vietnam travel resource! Our scooter tours with female only drivers will make you discover authentic Vietnam.